What is permaculture?


some History;


In 1929, Joseph Russell Smith took up the term as the subtitle for Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture, a book in which he summed up his long experience experimenting with fruits and nuts as crops for human food and animal feed. Smith saw the world as an inter-related whole and suggested mixed systems of trees and crops underneath. This book inspired many individuals intent on making agriculture more sustainable


In the mid-1970s, Bill Mollison and David Holmgren started developing ideas about stable agricultural systems on the southern Australian island state of Tasmania. This was a result of the danger of the rapidly growing use of industrial-agricultural methods. In their view, highly dependent on non renewable resources, these methods were additionally poisoning land and water, reducing biodiversity, and removing billions of tons of topsoil from previously fertile landscapes. A design approach called permaculture was their response and was first made public with the publication of their book Permaculture One in 1978.



32min25sec – Zaytuna Farm


planting fruit and nut trees and perennial food plants in a forest


1hour12min54sec – backyard permaculture



natural building


9min – rammed earth David Suzuki

materials – non toxic




adobe– is simply clay and sand mixed with water. Sometimes chopped straw or other fibers are added for strength. The mixture is then allowed to dry in the desired shape.


cob– clay, sand, straw



compressed earth brick


cordwood wood chunks


earth bag – like bricks


rammed earth – in a form and packed in





timber framing